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Founded in 1904 and headquartered in Farmington Hills, Michigan, USA, the American Concrete Institute is a leading authority and resource worldwide for the development, dissemination, and adoption of its consensus-based standards, technical resources, educational programs, and proven expertise for individuals and organizations involved in concrete design, construction, and materials, who share a commitment to pursuing the best use of concrete.
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Home > Publications > International Concrete Abstracts Portal
The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.
Title: Shear Friction in High-Strength Concrete
Author(s): J. Walraven and J. Stroband
Publication: Special Publication
Appears on pages(s): 311-330
Keywords: aggregate interlock; cracking (fracturing); friction; high-strength concretes; shear properties; tension; Materials Research
Abstract:The shear friction analogy is a valuable and simple tool that can be used to estimate the maximum shear force transmitted across a cracked plane in a concrete member. The expressions to determine the shear friction capacity up to now have been based on experiments on concretes with cylinder strengths of at most f' c = 60 N/mm 2. In such concretes, the aggregate particles normally do not break at the formation of cracks through the concrete. In high-strength concrete, however, the cement matrix is strong enough to cause fracture of the aggregate particles. As a result, the crack faces are relatively smooth, so that the shear friction capacity is expected to be reduced. In this paper, shear friction tests are described on concrete with a cylinder strength of f' c = 100 N/mm 2. The experiments are carried out on cracks in plain concrete and on reinforced cracks. It is shown that the reduction in shear friction capacity due to aggregate fracture is considerable.
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