Development of Very Low Heat Mass Concrete Mixtures for the Modification of Theodore Roosevelt Dam


  • The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.

International Concrete Abstracts Portal


Title: Development of Very Low Heat Mass Concrete Mixtures for the Modification of Theodore Roosevelt Dam

Author(s): W. F. Kepler and K. F. Von Fay

Publication: Special Publication

Volume: 140


Appears on pages(s): 269-280

Keywords: adiabatic conditions; compressive strength; dams; mass concrete; heat of hydration; high-performance concretes; mass concrete; strength; mix proportioning; temperature; water-cementitious ratio; Materials Research

Date: 9/1/1993

Theodore Roosevelt Dam is a rubble-masonry dam, located on the Salt River, 76 miles northeast of Phoenix, AZ. The dam will be modified by adding a mass concrete gravity section to the downstream face of the dam. Over 350,000 yd 3 of mass concrete will be placed. A high-performance mass concrete mixture was developed that met conflicting low heat and strength development requirements. The mixture needed to meet thermal requirements of no more than 45 F total adiabatic temperature rise in 20 days, and less than 5 F adiabatic temperature rise after 20 days. In contract, the mixture needed to meet early-age compressive strength requirements of 1000 psi between 3 and 7 days and have sufficient paste to insure bond between the new concrete and the original masonry structure. The Bureau of Reclamation developed a concrete mixture with a 4-in. maximum-sized-aggregate (MSA), containing 270 lb of cementitious material per pubic yard that met design requirements. The cementitious material consisted of 80 percent cement and 20 percent fly ash. A low-heat, Type II cement was used, with a heat of hydration of 65 calories per gram at 7 days. The fly ash is an ASTM class F ash. The concrete has a water-to-cementitious materials ration of 0.53. The mixture is very workable, and reaches a compressive strength of 1100 lb/in.¦ in 7 days. It has a total adiabatic temperature rise of 43.4 F, with only 2 F temperature rise after 20 days.