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Home > Publications > International Concrete Abstracts Portal
The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.
Title: Salt Saturated Mass Concrete Under Chemical Attack
Author(s): L. D. Wakeley, T. S. Poole, J. J. Ernzen, and B. D. Neeley
Publication: Special Publication
Appears on pages(s): 239-268
Keywords: cement pastes; chemical attack; degradation; deterioration; durability; mass concrete; salt water; sodium chloride; strength; subsurface structures; Materials Research
Abstract:Concrete is an essential component of the seal system planned for geologic repository under development for disposal of defense-generated radioactive wastes in the U.S. Performance requirements for concrete at this facility are unique: mass-concrete seals will be placed underground in a region where all the groundwaters are rich in chloride, and some also are highly concentrated in magnesium and sulfate ions. Sodium chloride in brines presents less of a problem than do other ions. In experiments simulating the worst-case of brine composition and availability, the nature and extent of deleterious chemical reactions were determined for materials being considered for use in mass concrete for a repository. Chemical degradation of cement pastes related to this concrete included loss of calcium and precipitation of magnesium compounds, and formation of other sulfate- and chloride-bearing phases. Calcium was lost first from calcium hydroxide and then from C-S-H. Strength loss is attributed principally to loss of these phases, and not to substitution of magnesium for calcium in hydration products.
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