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Home > Publications > International Concrete Abstracts Portal
The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.
Title: Investigation of S-2 Glass/Epoxy Strands in Concrete
Author(s): Rajan Sen, Daniel Mariscal, and Mohsen Shahawy
Publication: Special Publication
Appears on pages(s): 15-34
Keywords: diffusion; durability; epoxy resins; fiber reinforced plastics; glass fibers; pretensioning; rupture; scanning electron microscope; salt water; stresses; Materials Research
Abstract:A comprehensive durability study of S-2 glass-epoxy pretensioned beams exposed to wet-dry cycles in 15 percent salt solution indicated a complete loss of effectiveness within 3 to 9 months of exposure. Paper presents results of subsequent follow-up investigations to identify the cause of this deterioration and also to examine practical measures that could be used to prevent its occurrence. The analysis of the test results suggests that the most likely cause of failure was diffusion of hydroxyl ions from the concrete pore solution through the resin. This is supported by SEM micrographs of the failed beam. While these conclusions are valid only for the S-2 resin, diffusion is also likely to be a characteristic of other types of resins, e.g., vinylesters and polyesters. This makes long-term protection of glass fibers in concrete problematic.
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