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Founded in 1904 and headquartered in Farmington Hills, Michigan, USA, the American Concrete Institute is a leading authority and resource worldwide for the development, dissemination, and adoption of its consensus-based standards, technical resources, educational programs, and proven expertise for individuals and organizations involved in concrete design, construction, and materials, who share a commitment to pursuing the best use of concrete.
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Home > Publications > International Concrete Abstracts Portal
The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.
Title: Field Exposure of Concrete to Severe Natural Weathering
Author(s): Joseph F. Lamond and M. K. Lee
Publication: Special Publication
Appears on pages(s): 201-216
Keywords: air-entrained concretes; concrete durability; deterioration; exposure; field tests; freeze-thaw durability; marine atmospheres; sea water; weathering; General
Abstract:The ultimate test of concrete durability to natural weathering is how it performs in the environment in which it is to serve. Laboratory testing yields valuable indications of service life and durability. However, the potential disrupting influences in nature are so numerous and variable that actual field exposures are highly desirable to assess the durability of concrete exposed to natural weathering The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, through the Waterways Experiment Station, Structures Laboratory, maintains a natural weathering exposure station. It is located on Treat Island in Cobscook Bay near Eastport, Maine. This station has been in use since 1936 and is an ideal location for exposure tests, providing twice-daily tide reversals and severe winters. The average tidal range is about 18 ft (5.4 m) with a maximum of 28 ft (8.5 m) and a minimum of 13 ft (4 m). In the winter, the combined effect of air and water temperatures creates a condition at meantide where specimens are repeatedly thawed and frozen. There have been 23 completed investigations and many of these have been previously reported. There are currently 40 active investigations. Four of these investigations are briefly discussed in this paper.
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