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Founded in 1904 and headquartered in Farmington Hills, Michigan, USA, the American Concrete Institute is a leading authority and resource worldwide for the development, dissemination, and adoption of its consensus-based standards, technical resources, educational programs, and proven expertise for individuals and organizations involved in concrete design, construction, and materials, who share a commitment to pursuing the best use of concrete.
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Home > Publications > International Concrete Abstracts Portal
The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.
Title: Sulfur Polymer Cement for the Production of
Chemically Resistant Sulfur Concrete
Author(s): William C. McBee, Harold Weber, and Frank E Ward
Publication: Special Publication
Appears on pages(s): 193-210
Keywords: cements; chemical resistance; concretes; polymerization; cyclopentadiene compounds; sulfur; sulfur concrete; Manufacturing
Abstract:Composite materials based on sulfur polymer cement (SPC) and mineral aggregate have been developed by the U.S. Bureau of Mines as part of a program to utilize abundant mineral resources. Program goals are to develop durable, chemically resistant construction materials to increase productivity in the chemical, fertilizer, and metallurgical industries by lowering maintenance costs for labor, energy, equipment, and material. This paper describes the research related to development of SPC, the sulfur concrete (SC), and the industrial testing, together with commercial-scale equipment development and large-scale construction practices. Thermoplastic SPC is produced commercially by reacting cyclic olefinic hydrocarbon chemical modifiers with elemental sulfur at 300 F (149 C) in a sealed chemical reactor. The molten SPC is mixed with mineral aggregates, producing a high-strength concrete product with an average compressive strength of 7000 psi (48 MPa) upon cooling. State-of-the-art production and construction techniques are described. Currently, SC materials are showing superior performance characteristics to portland cement concrete (PCC) in special industrial applications where corrosive environments exist.
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