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Home > Publications > International Concrete Abstracts Portal
The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.
Title: Pot Bearing Rotation and Minimum Load
Author(s): M. Bujtas
Publication: Special Publication
Appears on pages(s): 765-774
Keywords: à; bridge bearings; deformation; eccentricity; economics; equilibrium; loads (forces); moments; plastics, polymers, and resins; rotation; shear properties; Construction
Abstract:A concept of pot bearing rotation and its relation to vertical load, rotating moment, and eccentricity are examined. At certain low load and rotating combinations, uniform piston contact with the elastomer or the upper element will not occur, resulting in an uneven load transfer and increased eccentricity. Factors that may be traced to this phenomenon are presented. The rotating moment expression used contains an empiric "alpha factor" variable with three known values. Derived from early rotation tests, this "alpha" is based on the diameter-to-height (D/h) ratio of the confined elastomer. An expression for "alpha" was formulated to provide unique factors for each case. Eccentricity and eccentric neutral stress points were computed in all cases. Critical loads are indicated where piston contact loss is possible. This occurs when the eccentricity is less than the eccentric neutral stress point and at the maximum kern of the inner pot section. Piston separation here is likely, due either to the extreme eccentricity or the confined elastomer's resistance to deform at low pressures. Its importance should not be overlooked as future studies may provide substantiation. However, in assuming static equilibrium, complete piston contact is assured so long as the eccentricity remains within the kern of the pot section.
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