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Founded in 1904 and headquartered in Farmington Hills, Michigan, USA, the American Concrete Institute is a leading authority and resource worldwide for the development, dissemination, and adoption of its consensus-based standards, technical resources, educational programs, and proven expertise for individuals and organizations involved in concrete design, construction, and materials, who share a commitment to pursuing the best use of concrete.
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Home > Publications > International Concrete Abstracts Portal
The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.
Title: Rehabilitation of Great Lakes Steel's No. One Dock
Author(s): Charles J. Hookman
Publication: Special Publication
Appears on pages(s): 385-400
Keywords: abrasion; concrete durability; damage; docks; evaluation; freeze-thaw durability; iron ores; performance; reinforced concrete; renovating; repairs; serviceability; surveys; Construction
Abstract:The No. 1 ore dock at Great Lakes Steel Division's Zug Island facility was originally constructed in 1909. Damage caused by freeze-thaw cycling, abrasion wear, severe impact loadings, and reinforcing steel corrosion resulted in a need for repair and rehabilitation. Multiple Dynamics Corporation conducted extensive condition surveys and testing to develop repair strategies for this structure. The remaining service life was then predicted to assist in economic planning. This case history provides an excellent example of concrete performance in an aggressive environment.
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