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Founded in 1904 and headquartered in Farmington Hills, Michigan, USA, the American Concrete Institute is a leading authority and resource worldwide for the development, dissemination, and adoption of its consensus-based standards, technical resources, educational programs, and proven expertise for individuals and organizations involved in concrete design, construction, and materials, who share a commitment to pursuing the best use of concrete.
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Home > Publications > International Concrete Abstracts Portal
The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.
Title: Reinforced Concrete Cylindrical Storage Structures for Aqueous Materials in Cold Climates
Author(s): T. I. Campbell, J. C. Jofriet, and W. M. Slater
Publication: Special Publication
Appears on pages(s): 1-26
Keywords: deterioration; freeze-thaw durability; ice formation; load factors; low temperature; reinforced concrete; structural design; water tanks; Construction
Abstract:A study of concrete water tanks in the Province of Ontario indicated an unusually high rate of deterioration. The different types of tanks in existence are described, and observed defects and possible related mechanisms are discussed. Particular attention is directed to freeze-thaw cycles and internal ice formations, and methods for estimation of these effects are proposed. Criteria and recommendations for the design of reinforced concrete storage structures in both freezing and nonfreezing environments are discussed.
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