Title: Reinforced Concrete Cylindrical Storage Structures for Aqueous Materials in Cold Climates
Author(s): T. I. Campbell, J. C. Jofriet, and W. M. Slater
Publication: Symposium Paper
Appears on pages(s): 1-26
Keywords: deterioration; freeze-thaw durability; ice formation; load factors; low temperature; reinforced concrete; structural design; water tanks; Construction
A study of concrete water tanks in the Province of Ontario indicated an unusually high rate of deterioration. The different types of tanks in existence are described, and observed defects and possible related mechanisms are discussed. Particular attention is directed to freeze-thaw cycles and internal ice formations, and methods for estimation of these effects are proposed. Criteria and recommendations for the design of reinforced concrete storage structures in both freezing and nonfreezing environments are discussed.