Title: Analysis and Design of Reinforced and Prestressed Concrete Compression Members Using Desk Top Computers
Author(s): P. Balaguru
Publication: Symposium Paper
Appears on pages(s): 249-280
Keywords: axial loads; columns (supports); computer programs; moments; flow charting; microcomputers; prestressed concrete; reinforced concrete; strength method; structural analysis; structural design; Design
Presents an algorithm for a program code for the analysis of concrete columns reinforced with nonprestressed reinforcement, prestressed reinforcement, or both. The algorithm can be used to generate the coordinates of the load-moment interaction diagram for the section chosen in terms of shape; material properties; and type, amount and location of nonprestressed and prestressed reinforcement. Three shapes--namely rectangular, T, and I--can be analyzed. Hollow-core wall panels can be analyzed by converting them to equivalent I-sections. The lateral reinforcement could be ties, spirals, or none. The program can also be coded to reanalyze the section for revised partial input. This capability aids the designer in generating the loads and moment for, say, a different compressive strength of concrete without reinputting the entire design data. The load-moment values can be printed to look like the load-moment interaction diagram. The various assumptions involved, the equations, and the sequence of calculations are explained using a number of flow charts. A procedure is outlined for using the program for design purposes. Example problems are provided to illustrate the input-output variables. The program code, written in BASIC for Apple desktop computer, can be obtained from the author. The algorithm deals with only the strength aspect. The serviceability aspect, especially for prestressed columns, should be checked separately.