In today’s market, it is imperative to be knowledgeable and have an edge over the competition. ACI members have it…they are engaged, informed, and stay up to date by taking advantage of benefits that ACI membership provides them.
Read more about membership
Become an ACI Member
Founded in 1904 and headquartered in Farmington Hills, Michigan, USA, the American Concrete Institute is a leading authority and resource worldwide for the development, dissemination, and adoption of its consensus-based standards, technical resources, educational programs, and proven expertise for individuals and organizations involved in concrete design, construction, and materials, who share a commitment to pursuing the best use of concrete.
American Concrete Institute
38800 Country Club Dr.
Farmington Hills, MI
Feedback via Email
Home > Publications > International Concrete Abstracts Portal
The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.
Title: Designing for the Effect of Progressive Cracking in Reinforced Concrete Slabs
Author(s): C. Thomas Jan
Publication: Special Publication
Appears on pages(s): 115-132
Keywords: cracking (fracturing); failure; finite element method; stresses; fracture properties; models; reinforced concrete; slabs; Design
Abstract:The fracturing phenomenon in reinforced concrete structures has a profound effect on their flexural stiffness. Consequently, the effect of cracking in reinforced concrete has been the subject of intensive investigation for many years. Because of the complexities associated with the development of feasible methodologies, analytical procedures continue in many respects to investigate and verify with experimental results. Historically, a series of rational analytical procedures have evolved to incorporate various methodologies such as material nonlinear models, failure criteria, and layered finite elements to account for the effect of cracking. However, it is to complex and expensive to apply such approached in design practice. For practical purposes, the Direct Design Method and the Equivalent Frame Method are often adopted in accordance with ACI 318 to design two-way reinforced concrete slabs. But the effect of cracking in concrete is not included in those two methods. Hence, an incremental-iterative procedure is implemented as a tool to design reinforced concrete slabs. The proposed incremental-iterative proceduce follows Section 184.108.40.206 as defined in ACI 318 to treat the effect of cracking in reinforced concrete slabs. Although the use of ACI 318 Eq. (9-7) is primarily provided for flexural members, it is permitted for application for two-way slabs as well. In essence, cracks are smeared and assumed to propagate in in-plane directions determined by the maximum principal moment in a finite element. The effective slab stiffnesses are modified accordingly as progressive cracking is detected under increasing loads. Analytical results from design cases are presented to demonstrate its applicability. In addition, a modified procedure is presented to include the ACI 446.1R, based on fracture mechanics of concrete. Further investigations are also recommended for the future developments in the analysis and design of reinforced concrete slabs.
Click here to become an online Journal subscriber