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Founded in 1904 and headquartered in Farmington Hills, Michigan, USA, the American Concrete Institute is a leading authority and resource worldwide for the development, dissemination, and adoption of its consensus-based standards, technical resources, educational programs, and proven expertise for individuals and organizations involved in concrete design, construction, and materials, who share a commitment to pursuing the best use of concrete.
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Home > Publications > International Concrete Abstracts Portal
The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.
Title: Earthquake Simulation Testing of Small-Scale Reinforced Concrete Structures
Author(s): V. Caccese and H. G. Harris
Publication: Structural Journal
Appears on pages(s): 72-80
Keywords: dynamic tests; earthquake-resistant structures; microconcretes; models; precast concrete; reinforced concrete; scale (ratio); shearwalls; simulation; Structural Research
Abstract:A brief summary of techniques used in earthquake simulation testing of small-scale concrete structures is presented. Actual prototype concrete structures tend to be very heavy, and even small-scale replicas of these present weight problems for many of the existing earthquake-simulator test facilities. Nonlinear, ultimate strength models need to be employed in this type of shaking table investigation. A discussion of similitude, model materials, distortion of mass density scale, and choice of scale factor is included. A case study of a seven-story, 1:5-scale, concrete wall-frame building tested at the University of California, Berkeley, and a case study of several five-story, 1:32-scale, isolated precast shearwalls tested at Drexel University are discussed. Knowledge gained from studies such as these is important in understanding the behavior of structures under earthquake loading and will facilitate the development of earthquake-resistant design.
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