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Founded in 1904 and headquartered in Farmington Hills, Michigan, USA, the American Concrete Institute is a leading authority and resource worldwide for the development, dissemination, and adoption of its consensus-based standards, technical resources, educational programs, and proven expertise for individuals and organizations involved in concrete design, construction, and materials, who share a commitment to pursuing the best use of concrete.
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Home > Publications > International Concrete Abstracts Portal
The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.
Title: Evaluation and Analysis of Hammerhead-Type Pier Caps
Author(s): C. C. Fu , J. Colville, and D. R. Schelling
Publication: Special Publication
Appears on pages(s): 255-276
Keywords: bridge piers; computer analysis; cracking (fracturing); deep beams; field tests; finite element method; measurement; performance; reinforced concrete; shear properties; shrinkage; strengthening; stress analysis; Structural Research
Abstract:Purpose is to present a lesson learned from the findings of the Governor Thomas Johnson Memorial Bridge, Maryland. The bridge has an overall length of 7205 ft, with 59 spans. Thirty-eight piers are made of concrete hammerhead-type pier caps with different height and cap sizes. The cracks observed on the deep water piers initiated the evaluation of these hammerhead-type pier caps. The structural integrity was questioned and several analysis procedures were taken on this case. Extensive computer analyses, including nonlinear finite element analyses were conducted. This paper also intends to depict the implementation of the Code, design methodology, and calculation procedures concerning this type of pier for engineering practices. Finally, the remedial strengthening method using the post-tensioning system is presented.
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