New Method of Analysis for Slender Columns


  • The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.

International Concrete Abstracts Portal


Title: New Method of Analysis for Slender Columns

Author(s): Zdenek P. Bazant and LuigiI Cedolin

Publication: Structural Journal

Volume: 88

Issue: 4

Appears on pages(s): 391-401

Keywords: columns (supports); failure; loads (forces); slenderness ratio; stress-strain relationships; structural analysis; structural design; tangent modulus; Structural Research

Date: 7/1/1991

Presents a simple new method to calculate column-interaction diagrams, taking into account slenderness effects. The method consists of a simple incremental-loading algorithm that traces the load-deflection curve at constant eccentricity of the axial load. The column failure is defined for design purposes as the peak of the diagram of axial load versus midlength bending moment at constant load eccentricity. The tangent modulus is found to be approximately equal to the peak load of a column with load eccentricity 0.01 of the cross-sectional thickness and represents a lower bound for the maximum loads at still smaller eccentricities. Strain irreversibility at unloading can be taken into account, but its effect is very small. The method is compared with the ACI moment-magnification method and with the CEB model column method based on moment-curvature relations. The agreement with the CEB method is very close, but with respect to the ACI method there are large discrepancies.