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Founded in 1904 and headquartered in Farmington Hills, Michigan, USA, the American Concrete Institute is a leading authority and resource worldwide for the development, dissemination, and adoption of its consensus-based standards, technical resources, educational programs, and proven expertise for individuals and organizations involved in concrete design, construction, and materials, who share a commitment to pursuing the best use of concrete.
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Home > Publications > International Concrete Abstracts Portal
The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.
Title: Properties of High-Strength, Lightweight Concrete Incorporating Fly Ash and Silica Fume
Author(s): V. M. Malhotra
Publication: Special Publication
Appears on pages(s): 645-666
Keywords: compressive strength; creep properties; drying shrinkage; flexural strength; fly ash; high-strength concretes; lightweight aggregate concretes; modulus of elasticity; plasticizers; splitting tensile strength; Materials Research
Abstract:Reports results of a study undertaken to develop high-strength lightweight concrete having compressive strength of about 700 MPa and a density of less than 2000 kg/m3. The materials used consisted of an expanded shale lightweight aggregate of Canadian origin, ASTM Type III cement, low-calcium fly ash, and condensed silica fume. A series of 7 concrete mixtures involving 14 concrete batches were made. The cement or cementitious material content of the mixtures ranged from 300 to 600 kg/m3. All mixtures were air entrained and superplasticized. A large number of test cylinders and prisms were cast for the determination of mechanical properties and drying shrinkage of concrete. From the results of this investigation, it is concluded that concrete with a compressive strength of about 70 MPa at 365 days and density of less than 2000 kg/m3 can be made incorporating supplementary cementing materials. The highest compressive strength achieved was 69.3 MPa at 365 days for a mixture with a cementitious material content of 600 kg/m3 of concrete; the highest flexural strength obtained was 8.7 MPa at 28 days.
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