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Founded in 1904 and headquartered in Farmington Hills, Michigan, USA, the American Concrete Institute is a leading authority and resource worldwide for the development, dissemination, and adoption of its consensus-based standards, technical resources, educational programs, and proven expertise for individuals and organizations involved in concrete design, construction, and materials, who share a commitment to pursuing the best use of concrete.
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Home > Publications > International Concrete Abstracts Portal
The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.
Title: Permeability of Selected Concretes
Author(s): D. Whiting
Publication: Special Publication
Appears on pages(s): 195-222
Keywords: absorption; chlorides; concretes; moist curing; permeability; porosity; silica fume; tests; voids; water-cement ratio; Materials Research
Abstract:Study of permeability was made using six concrete mixtures ranging in water-to-cementitious material (w-c) ratio from 0.26 to 0.75. Concrete specimens were tested for permeability to water and air, permeability to chloride ions (rapid and long-term), volume of permeable voids, and porosity. Results confirm that permeability is a direct function of w-c ratio. The addition of silica fume results in even greater decreases in permeability than would be anticipated based solely on w-c ratio. A period of initial moist curing of at least seven days is essential for achieving low permeability. Results also indicate that rapid test procedures offer a reasonable alternative to more lengthy and complex conventional permeability tests.
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