In today’s market, it is imperative to be knowledgeable and have an edge over the competition. ACI members have it…they are engaged, informed, and stay up to date by taking advantage of benefits that ACI membership provides them.
Read more about membership
Become an ACI Member
Founded in 1904 and headquartered in Farmington Hills, Michigan, USA, the American Concrete Institute is a leading authority and resource worldwide for the development, dissemination, and adoption of its consensus-based standards, technical resources, educational programs, and proven expertise for individuals and organizations involved in concrete design, construction, and materials, who share a commitment to pursuing the best use of concrete.
American Concrete Institute
38800 Country Club Dr.
Farmington Hills, MI
Feedback via Email
Home > Publications > International Concrete Abstracts Portal
The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.
Title: Microstructural Alterations of Cement Paste/Steel Interface Exposed to Sea Water
Author(s): B. Marchese
Publication: Special Publication
Appears on pages(s): 1611-1632
Keywords: blast furnace slag; cement pastes; corrosion; microstructure; portland cements; portland slag cements; reinforcing steels; seawater; x-ray diffraction; Materials Research
Abstract:Microstructural modifications of steel-reinforced blast furnace slag cement and SC pastes held three years in static seawater at cement paste/steel interfaces were examined. No macroscopical alterations of pre-existing cracks have been evidenced. Aragonite patinas on steel and brass surfaces, and calcite with traces of aragonite on cement paste surface by x-ray diffraction analysis were detected. At steel/cement past interfacial region morphologies of typical localized regions were identified by scanning electron microscopy and their comparative elemental compositions by energy dispersion x-ray spectrometry, like "fingerprints" were determined. Paste surfaces were recognized, partly as continuous Ca-rich film, partly as compact hydrated mass on which ettringite rods, spherical aragonite grains, and other cubic and hexagonal forms are visible. The matching steel surfaces present some unaltered areas with corrosion "islands," and several products with morphologies due to different corrosion levels.
Click here to become an online Journal subscriber