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Founded in 1904 and headquartered in Farmington Hills, Michigan, USA, the American Concrete Institute is a leading authority and resource worldwide for the development, dissemination, and adoption of its consensus-based standards, technical resources, educational programs, and proven expertise for individuals and organizations involved in concrete design, construction, and materials, who share a commitment to pursuing the best use of concrete.
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Home > Publications > International Concrete Abstracts Portal
The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.
Title: Review of the Pore Structure of Cement Paste and Concrete and its Influence on Permeability
Author(s): J. F. Young
Publication: Special Publication
Appears on pages(s): 1-18
Keywords: admixtures; calcium chlorides; cement pastes; concretes; fly ash; hardened paste structure; permeability; porosity; slags; water-reducing agents; Materials Research
Abstract:The permeability of hardened cement paste is reviewed with particular reference to the influence of pore structure. Permeability is usually modelled by applying D'Arcy's Law, although permeability measurements and pore size distribution determinations reveal the strong influence of large capillary pores (macropores) on flow through cement paste. The macropores form a continuous flow path within the paste. The effects of curing temperature, drying, and admixtures on permeability can be understood in terms of their influence on macropores. Paste containing fly ash shows anomalous behavior, which apparently arises from internal damage occurring during pore structure measurements. It appears that the presence of fly ash promotes the formation of a discontinuous macropore system that inhibits flow.
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