Structural Health Monitoring Potential using a Long Period Grating-Based Humidity Sensor

ABOUT THE INTERNATIONAL CONCRETE ABSTRACTS PORTAL

  • The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.

International Concrete Abstracts Portal

  


Title: Structural Health Monitoring Potential using a Long Period Grating-Based Humidity Sensor

Author(s): T. Venugopalan, M. Rajesh, T. Sun, and K.T.V. Grattan

Publication: Special Publication

Volume: 252

Issue:

Appears on pages(s): 85-98

Keywords: humidity; long period grating; structural health monitoring

Date: 3/1/2008

Abstract:
In this research, a series of innovative optically-based sensors, which were designed, fabricated and characterized were created for potential evaluation for applications in determining moisture ingress in a range of concrete materials subjected to various environmental conditions. The approach taken to the creation of these novel humidity sensors is using long period grating (LPG) technology in an optical fibre. Several sensor configurations are fabricated by coating LPGs and then characterizing and cross-comparing and evaluating the resulting sensor performance. The thin layer of polyvinyl alcohol (PVA), whose refractive index varies as a function of humidity level when coated onto a LPG written into an optical fibre, provides a means to change the optical propagation in the fibre and thus to induce the a wavelength shift in the attenuation bands of its transmission spectrum, which then is calibrated against the measurand, humidity. When compared to the more familiar optical fibre-based humidity sensors, using Fibre Bragg gratings (FBGs), the LPG-based devices show a much higher measurement sensitivity, with more relaxed requirements for coating thickness and uniformity.