Strength Characteristics of Flowable Mortars Containing Coal Ash


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Title: Strength Characteristics of Flowable Mortars Containing Coal Ash

Author(s): C. I. Lai

Publication: Special Publication

Volume: 132


Appears on pages(s): 119-134

Keywords: compressive strength; curing; flowability; fly ash; seawater; mortars (material); Materials Research

Date: 5/1/1992

Paper is concerned with the compressive strength of flowable mortars containing high-volume coal ash applicable to backfill or base construction. In addition to Type I portland cement, both Class F fly ash and bottom ash were used. The test specimens with flowability ranging from 13 sec to 5 min measured by a flow cone were fabricated by hand-rodding in the paper molds of dimensions 5 x 10 cm. The relationship between 28-day compressive strength and flowability as affected by fly ash content is studied. Compressive strength as a function of cement content is discussed. The effect of tasting condition and of curing condition on compressive strength is also evaluated. A comparison relating to strength gain is made between specimens utilizing tap water and seawater, respectively, as mixing water. Moreover, the influences of other factors such as mix proportion and curing temperature on compressive strength are reported. In this paper, 28-day compressive strength of about 1 MPa can be achieved for the specimens with 6 percent cement, by weight, at the excellent flowability of around 20 sec. For a given flowability, the replacement of fly ash by bottom ash generally can improve compressive strength. Compared to tap water, seawater as mixing water or as curing moisture definitely has more beneficial effect on compressive strength. The test results obtained from this study indicate that flowable mortar containing high-volume coal ash has a great potential as backfill or base construction material, particularly in hot weather regions.