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Founded in 1904 and headquartered in Farmington Hills, Michigan, USA, the American Concrete Institute is a leading authority and resource worldwide for the development, dissemination, and adoption of its consensus-based standards, technical resources, educational programs, and proven expertise for individuals and organizations involved in concrete design, construction, and materials, who share a commitment to pursuing the best use of concrete.
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Home > Publications > International Concrete Abstracts Portal
The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.
Title: Long-Term Durability of Fly ash Concretes in Civil Engineering Structures
Author(s): W. B. Butler and D. Baweja
Publication: Special Publication
Appears on pages(s): 519-540
Keywords: concrete dams; concrete durability; bridges (structures); buildings; carbonation; chlorides; cracking (fracturing); fly ash; Materials Research
Abstract:Results are presented on recent studies undertaken in England, the state of Georgia, and Australia, on the durability of a variety of concrete structures containing fly ash. Five of these structures have been in service for over 15 years, and some provided comparisons between fly ash concrete and plain concrete. Details of the fly ashes used in the structures are supported by background data on fly ash availability and use in the areas concerned. Design, construction, and service details for the structures are presented along with findings of on-site inspections. Assessments were made of: fly ash hydration characteristics; depth of carbonation; functional efficiency; and visible deterioration. Links are ascribed between the determined values.
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