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Home > Publications > International Concrete Abstracts Portal
The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.
Title: The Influence of Lightweight Aggregates Additions in Concrete Mixtures Containing Alkali-Aggregate Reactive Normalweight Aggregate
Author(s): T.W. Bremner, S.R. Boyd, T.A. Holm, and J.P. Ries
Publication: Special Publication
Appears on pages(s): 497-510
Keywords: aggregates; alkali-aggregate reaction; infilling of pores; microcracking; pozzolan; vesicular
Abstract:The production of lightweight aggregates entails heating a silica-rich raw material, which is usually shale, clay or slate to about 1150°C. This heat treatment appears to activate the surface of the expanded aggregates so as to produce pozzolanic properties that reduce expansion due to alkali-aggregate reaction. When these heat-treated aggregates are incorporated into a concrete mixture, beneficial effects result that enhance the properties of the concrete. These effects are similar to, but of a significant lower magnitude, than when a pozzolan such as fly ash or silica fume is added to a concrete mixture. This is to be expected because expanded shale, clay and slate that have been ground to a fineness somewhat greater than that of portland cement have been supplied to the concrete industry as a pozzolan for some time. Also, it has been shown in micrographs that the vesicular nature of lightweight aggregates provides a space for any reactants that might form to precipitate without causing expansion.
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