In today’s market, it is imperative to be knowledgeable and have an edge over the competition. ACI members have it…they are engaged, informed, and stay up to date by taking advantage of benefits that ACI membership provides them.
Read more about membership
Become an ACI Member
Founded in 1904 and headquartered in Farmington Hills, Michigan, USA, the American Concrete Institute is a leading authority and resource worldwide for the development, dissemination, and adoption of its consensus-based standards, technical resources, educational programs, and proven expertise for individuals and organizations involved in concrete design, construction, and materials, who share a commitment to pursuing the best use of concrete.
American Concrete Institute
38800 Country Club Dr.
Farmington Hills, MI
Feedback via Email
Home > Publications > International Concrete Abstracts Portal
The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.
Title: Properties of Concrete Incorporating Low Quantity of Cement and High Volumes of Low-Calcium Fly Ash
Author(s): V. Sivasundaram, G. G. Carette, and V. M. Malhotra
Publication: Special Publication
Appears on pages(s): 45-72
Keywords: air-entrained concretes; carbonation; concretes; drying shrinkage; fly ash; freeze-thaw durability; modulus of elasticity; permeability; plasticizers; strength; tests; water-cement ratio; Materials Research
Abstract:Presents results of investigations forming part of a long-term study of concrete incorporating low quantities of cement and high volumes of low-calcium (ASTM Class F) fly ash. Two types of low-calcium fly ashes from sources in Nova Scotia and Alberta were studied. For comparison purposes, a control concrete containing only ASTM Type I cement was also investigated. A large number of concrete test cylinders and prisms were subjected to determinations of strength, modulus of elasticity, drying shrinkage, freezing and thawing durability, carbonation, and permeability to chloride ions. The test results up to 1 year corroborate the results of previous investigations on concrete incorporating high volumes of low-calcium fly ash. At 7 and 28 days, the compressive strength and the modulus of elasticity were about 47 MPa and 37 GPa, respectively. Air-curing of test specimens did not seem to affect the compressive strength development significantly up to the testing period of 91 days. Resistance of all concretes to repeated cycles of freezing and thawing was found to be excellent with durability factors > 99, when tested after 14 days of the initial moist curing. The drying shrinkage strains of the fly ash concretes were comparable to or lower than that of the control concrete. Further, permeability tests carried out on one of the fly ash concretes indicated exceedingly low permeability to chloride ions at 1 year.
Click here to become an online Journal subscriber