Modeling the Stress-Strain Behavior of Confined Concrete Columns


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Title: Modeling the Stress-Strain Behavior of Confined Concrete Columns

Author(s): K.M. El-Dash and O.O. El-Mahdy

Publication: Special Publication

Volume: 238


Appears on pages(s): 177-192

Keywords: columns; concrete; confined; ductility; high strength; model; stress-strain

Date: 10/1/2006

In this paper, an analytical stress-strain model of confined concrete columns is developed and presented. The model is based on the extensively obtained data from tests of column specimens subjected to concentric compression loading. The tests included a wide range of varieties including both normal and high-strength concretes. The cross sections of the columns were of circular, rectangular, or elliptical shapes. The model incorporates the effective relevant parameters of confinement like concrete strength, yield strength of transverse reinforcement, spacing between lateral confining element, and dimensional configuration of column specimen and its transverse reinforcement. The model can be used for concrete confined by spirals, rectilinear hoops, crossties, and combinations of these reinforcements. The model demonstrates good predictive capability for concrete columns of compressive strength ranging from 20 MPa to 120 MPa. In addition, the model is shown to be applicable for a wide range of quantity and configuration of lateral reinforcement with volumetric ratio to concrete from 0.2% to 4%.