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Founded in 1904 and headquartered in Farmington Hills, Michigan, USA, the American Concrete Institute is a leading authority and resource worldwide for the development, dissemination, and adoption of its consensus-based standards, technical resources, educational programs, and proven expertise for individuals and organizations involved in concrete design, construction, and materials, who share a commitment to pursuing the best use of concrete.
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Home > Publications > International Concrete Abstracts Portal
The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.
Title: Toward the Performance-Based Design of Confined Concrete
Author(s): S.A. Sheikh and Y. Li
Publication: Special Publication
Appears on pages(s): 1-22
Keywords: columns; confined concrete; confinement; ductility; earthquake; energy dissipation; fiber-reinforced polymers; lateral reinforcement
Abstract:This paper summarizes results from a comprehensive research program that aims at developing rational guidelines for the design of confinement reinforcement in concrete columns. The first part of the paper briefly introduces an analytical model for confined concrete in tied columns. The model is based on the results of testing 24 square columns with various tie configurations under concentric compression. The second part presents results from square columns tested under cyclic flexure and shear, and constant axial load simulating earthquake loads. The specimens tested included normal-strength concrete (NSC) and high-strength concrete (HSC) columns confined by steel and NSC columns confined by fiber-reinforced polymers (FRP). Performance-based procedures for the design of confinement reinforcement in these columns are proposed in light of the experimental results and analytical models. The design procedures incorporate various ductility parameters that include energy dissipation capacity, ductility factors, and cumulative ductility indices in addition to the type, amount, and configuration of the confinement reinforcement and the level of axial load. The areas in which further research is needed are also discussed.
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