Effects of Displacement History on Failure of Lightly Confined Bridge Columns

ABOUT THE INTERNATIONAL CONCRETE ABSTRACTS PORTAL

  • The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.

International Concrete Abstracts Portal

  


Title: Effects of Displacement History on Failure of Lightly Confined Bridge Columns

Author(s): R.T. Ranf, M.O. Eberhard, and J.F. Stanton

Publication: Special Publication

Volume: 236

Issue:

Appears on pages(s): 23-42

Keywords: bridges; columns; cycling; failure; reinforced concrete; shear

Date: 5/1/2006

Abstract:
Six nominally identical reinforced concrete columns were subjected to a variety of lateral displacement histories to evaluate the effects of cycling on their failure displacement and failure mechanism. The columns, typical of bridges constructed before the mid-1970s, had circular cross-sections, low axial loads, and little transverse reinforcement. Shear failure caused five of the six columns to lose their axial load carrying ability at drift ratios between 3% and 5%. The sixth column failed in an axial-flexure mode at a drift ratio of 6%. Increasing the number of cycles at each displacement level from one to fifteen decreased the maximum displacement preceding flexure-shear failure by approximately 35%. The effect of cycling on damage accumulation was modeled with the Park-Ang damage model, a Modified Park-Ang damage model, and a Cumulative Plastic Deformation damage model. The Cumulative Plastic Deformation model correlated best with the observed damage, and it was the easiest to implement.