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Founded in 1904 and headquartered in Farmington Hills, Michigan, USA, the American Concrete Institute is a leading authority and resource worldwide for the development, dissemination, and adoption of its consensus-based standards, technical resources, educational programs, and proven expertise for individuals and organizations involved in concrete design, construction, and materials, who share a commitment to pursuing the best use of concrete.
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Home > Publications > International Concrete Abstracts Portal
The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.
Title: Repairing Monolithic Refractory Failures
Author(s): I. Leon Glassgold
Publication: Special Publication
Appears on pages(s): 141-152
Keywords: failure mechanisms; installing; linings; plastics, polymers, and resins; quality control; refractories; refractory concretes; repairs; shotcrete; tests.
Abstract:The introduction describes the types of materials used in refractory linings, their constituent ingredients and general properties. A brief history is presented with the problems and procedures attendant to the installation and use of various refractory materials. This is followed by an analysis of failure mechanisms with an overview of repair methods, including a description of available hot and cold techniques for the various repair alternatives. The need for careful surface preparation is emphasized, while anchoring and bonding devices are described. Choosing the appropriate repair material is also highlighted. Miscellaneous details covering joints, curing, drying and heatup and their importance in achieving a successful repair are discussed. A detailed description of proper repair procedures, including shotcreting, casting and guncasting, among others, is presented with particular emphasis being placed on the methods available for both plastic and castable requirements. Qua1ity Contro1 of the entire repair procedure and the methods of testing in use at present are assessed.
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