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Founded in 1904 and headquartered in Farmington Hills, Michigan, USA, the American Concrete Institute is a leading authority and resource worldwide for the development, dissemination, and adoption of its consensus-based standards, technical resources, educational programs, and proven expertise for individuals and organizations involved in concrete design, construction, and materials, who share a commitment to pursuing the best use of concrete.
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Home > Publications > International Concrete Abstracts Portal
The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.
Title: Canadian Experience in Producing and Testing HPC
Author(s): Pierre-Claude Aitcin and Moussa Baalbaki
Publication: Special Publication
Appears on pages(s): 295-308
Keywords: admixtures; aggregates, binders (materials); durability; fly ash; high-performance concretes; high-strength concretes; mix proportioning; silica fume; superplasticizers; General
Abstract:High-performance concretes (HPC) characterized by a low water/binder ratio and generally high binder content which may include supplementary cementing materials, are used increasingly in the worldwide construction industry for technical or economical reasons as well as for their improved durability. The development and the use of such a high performance material necessitate some drastic readjustments within the construction industry. Concrete should not be envisaged as a commodity material that has to be produced with the cheapest materials and placed and cured in the cheapest ways. Concrete should rather be considered as an elaborate material for which constituents are carefully selected in order to achieve the desired performance. Of special importance are the selection of a compatible cement/superplasticizer combination and clean, strong, and well shaped aggregates. The use of cementitious materials should be considered not only because they can reduce the production cost of high performance concretes but also because they can be technically advantageous. Making and using HPC necessitate the implementation of a strong and efficient quality control program on the materials used to make the concrete, on the properties of the fresh and hardened concrete, and on the placing and curing techniques in order to be sure of obtaining a high performance final product. Testing high performance concrete necessitates great care and special attention.
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