Use of Recycled Concrete Aggregates in Hot-Mix Asphalt

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Title: Use of Recycled Concrete Aggregates in Hot-Mix Asphalt

Author(s): A. Topal, A.U. Ozturk, and B. Baradan

Publication: Special Publication

Volume: 235

Issue:

Appears on pages(s): 291-304

Keywords: aggregate; asphalt; concrete rubble; hot-mix asphalt; recycling

Date: 3/22/2006

Abstract:
The rubble from construction is generally used in landfill or thrown to natural areas at the end of their service life. Because continuously increasing production of concrete consumption, recycling of concrete waste materials will provide environmental protection and economical benefits. In this study, effects of fine and coarse recycled concrete aggregates on Hot-Mix Asphalt (HMA) performance were investigated. In performed experiments, Marshall Mixtures were prepared by using recycled concrete aggregates in the proportion of 10%, 20%, and 30% by mixture weight for the replacement of limestone in suitable gradation. Six different bitumen ratios were added to each mixture, respectively. Void %, flow and stability values were examined on 54 specimens. Furthermore, indirect tensile strength experiments were examined on the specimens having optimum 4.5% bitumen content and 30% recycled concrete aggregates. The results indicate that waste concrete can be used in HMA as aggregate to obtain the required Marshall stability and indirect tensile strength of the mixtures. However, the void percent of the mixture are not desirable due to the dense gradation of aggregate. Hence, gradation change is needed to Marshall Design criteria.