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Founded in 1904 and headquartered in Farmington Hills, Michigan, USA, the American Concrete Institute is a leading authority and resource worldwide for the development, dissemination, and adoption of its consensus-based standards, technical resources, educational programs, and proven expertise for individuals and organizations involved in concrete design, construction, and materials, who share a commitment to pursuing the best use of concrete.
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Home > Publications > International Concrete Abstracts Portal
The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.
Title: Comparison of Concrete Rheometers
Author(s): L.E. Brower and C.F. Ferraris
Publication: Special Publication
Appears on pages(s): 117-136
Keywords: concrete; rheology; rheometer; workability
Abstract:Fresh concrete is a complex fluid consisting of a suspension in water of a high volume percentage of particulate solid having a very wide particle size distribution. The rheological properties of fresh concrete control the flow behavior of the material in mixing, placement, consolidation and finishing. Test methods that measure flow using a single parameter (e.g. slump) cannot properly evaluate the rheological properties of concrete in all uses. ACI committee 236A with the support of the Concrete Research Council and industry has tested four concrete rheometers specifically designed to evaluate rheological properties of concrete materials. The second test series expands the data from the first test series using the same approach of bringing the rheometers together at a common test site and testing the same concrete mixtures simultaneously. All of the rheometers can measure a flow curve for fresh concretes with slumps in the range from 100 mm to 250 mm or non-segregating concretes with slump flows in the range from 300 mm to 800 mm. Each rheometer evaluates yield stress and plastic viscosity by fitting a Bingham model flow curve to measurements of rotation rate and torque for each mix. All of the rheometers gave different absolute values for the Bingham constants of yield stress and plastic viscosity for each mix. But all of the rheometers ranked the mixes in the same order for both yield stress and plastic viscosity.
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