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Founded in 1904 and headquartered in Farmington Hills, Michigan, USA, the American Concrete Institute is a leading authority and resource worldwide for the development, dissemination, and adoption of its consensus-based standards, technical resources, educational programs, and proven expertise for individuals and organizations involved in concrete design, construction, and materials, who share a commitment to pursuing the best use of concrete.
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Home > Publications > International Concrete Abstracts Portal
The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.
Title: Performance-Based Specifications of Self-Consolidating Concrete Used in Structural Applications
Author(s): Soo-Duck Hwang, Kamal H. Khayat, and Olivier Bonneau
Publication: Materials Journal
Appears on pages(s): 121-129
Keywords: rheology; segregation; self-consolidating concrete; workability
Abstract:Proper selection of test methods and workability specifications are key concerns in the optimization and control testing of self-consolidating concrete (SCC). An experimental program was carried out to evaluate the suitability of various test methods for workability assessment and to propose performance specifications of such concrete used in structural applications. Various workability characteristics were determined for approximately 70 SCC mixtures made with water-cementitious material ratios (w/cm) of 0.35 and 0.42. Workability responses included the slump flow, J-Ring, V-funnel flow time, L-box, filling capacity, and surface settlement tests. Comparisons of various test methods indicate that the L-box blocking ratio (h2/ h1) and the J-Ring flow diameter can be related to filling capacity values determined using the caisson test. It is recommended that SCC used in structural applications should have slump flow values of 620 to 720 mm. To ensure proper filling capacity greater than 80%, such concrete should have high passing ability that corresponds to L-box blocking ratio (h2/ h1) Š 0.7, J-Ring flow of 600 to 700 mm, slump flow minus J-Ring flow diameter £ 50 mm, or V-funnel flow time £ 8 seconds. Such SCC should have a settlement rate of 0.16%/h at 30 minutes, corresponding to 0.5% maximum settlement.
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