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Founded in 1904 and headquartered in Farmington Hills, Michigan, USA, the American Concrete Institute is a leading authority and resource worldwide for the development, dissemination, and adoption of its consensus-based standards, technical resources, educational programs, and proven expertise for individuals and organizations involved in concrete design, construction, and materials, who share a commitment to pursuing the best use of concrete.
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Home > Publications > International Concrete Abstracts Portal
The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.
Title: Behavior of Reinforced Concrete Columns Under Variable Axial Loads: Analysis
Author(s): Asad Esmaeily and Yan Xiao
Publication: Structural Journal
Appears on pages(s): 736-744
Keywords: analysis; column; load; moment
Abstract:Effects of the magnitude and pattern of the axial load on the lateral response of bridge piers are analyzed and compared with the experimental findings reported in a companion paper. A computer program developed to address the analytical needs of the research was used for the purpose. It included a fiber-based moment-curvature analysis, a plastic hinge method addressing load variations, material models calibrated against test data, and new hysteretic rules. The program was able to predict the column response reasonably well under various loading patterns. Predictions in close agreement with the experimental evidence revealed that the effects of the magnitude and path of axial load were significant. These effects should be addressed in design practice where seismic excitation in lateral and vertical directions is a concern. Analytical tools, including monotonic and hysteresis material models, may be refined further for a better simulation of the behavior under various loading patterns.
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