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Home > Publications > International Concrete Abstracts Portal
The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.
Title: A Landmark Bridge for the Future
Author(s): Terrence R. Udland, Russell D. Call, and J. Martin Bodemar
Publication: Concrete International
Appears on pages(s): 24-28
Keywords: box girder; Four Bears; ice; floe
Abstract:To maintain access across Lake Sakakawea, the existing narrow and functionally obsolete Four Bears Bridge is being replaced with a concrete box girder type. Because of the lake’s size and location in a northern climate, ice floes up to 600 ft (180 m) in diameter can occur. The design team therefore undertook a substantial investigation of ice forces and their effects on the deep foundations.
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