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Title: Development and Validation of Fiber Model for High-Strength Square Concrete-Filled Steel Tube Beam-Columns

Author(s): Amit H. Varma, Richard Sause, James M. Ricles, and Qinggang Li

Publication: Structural Journal

Volume: 102

Issue: 1

Appears on pages(s): 73-85

Keywords: beam; column; high-strength concrete

DOI: 10.14359/13532

Date: 1/1/2005

This paper presents the development and validation of a general fiber model that can be used to predict the monotonic and cyclic force-deformation behavior of high-strength square concrete-filled steel tube (CFT) beam-columns. The paper also presents a general analytical approach for developing the critical input parameters for the fiber model, that is, the stress-strain (s-e) curves for the fibers modeling the CFT cross section. This general approach develops the fiber s-e curves analytically from the results of a three-dimensional nonlinear finite element analysis of a corresponding CFT segment. The CFT fiber model and the analytical approach for developing the fiber s-e curves are validated using experimental results from 26 high-strength square CFT beam-column specimens tested under combined axial and monotonic or cyclic flexural loading in the U.S. and in Japan as part of the U.S.-Japan Cooperative Earthquake Research Program, Phase V.