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Founded in 1904 and headquartered in Farmington Hills, Michigan, USA, the American Concrete Institute is a leading authority and resource worldwide for the development, dissemination, and adoption of its consensus-based standards, technical resources, educational programs, and proven expertise for individuals and organizations involved in concrete design, construction, and materials, who share a commitment to pursuing the best use of concrete.
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Home > Publications > International Concrete Abstracts Portal
The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.
Title: Sulfate Attack On Hydraulic-Cement Concrete
Author(s): Bryant Mather
Publication: Special Publication
Appears on pages(s): 143-151
Keywords: Concrete; sulfate attack; tricalcium aluminate; ettringite
Abstract:Concrete has suffered damage as a consequence of the reaction, in the concrete, of sulfate ion and the tricalcium-aluminate (C3A) constituent of portland cement or hydration products of C3A to form ettringite. This damage, which was first reported in 1892, can be avoided if the concrete is protected from potentially harmful amounts of sulfate ion or potentially harmful amounts of C3A. Other physical and physical-chemical phenomena that have had or could have had or might have done damage to concrete have been described in the literature.
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