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Founded in 1904 and headquartered in Farmington Hills, Michigan, USA, the American Concrete Institute is a leading authority and resource worldwide for the development, dissemination, and adoption of its consensus-based standards, technical resources, educational programs, and proven expertise for individuals and organizations involved in concrete design, construction, and materials, who share a commitment to pursuing the best use of concrete.
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Home > Publications > International Concrete Abstracts Portal
The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.
Title: Cyclic Behavior of Columns with Short Lap Splices
Author(s): Murat Melek and John W. Wallace
Publication: Structural Journal
Appears on pages(s): 802-811
Keywords: bond; column; lap splice; rehabilitation; reinforced concrete; slip
Abstract:Splices in reinforced concrete columns of older buildings were commonly designed as compression lap splices, which are typically only 20 to 24 bar diameters (db) long and enclosed within light transverse reinforcement. Observations of column damage following earthquakes have revealed that these splices perform poorly; however, relatively sparse information exists to assess the expected splice performance that hinders the development of efficient and cost-effective rehabilitation strategies. A research program was undertaken to subject full-scale cantilever columns with lap splices to constant axial load and reversed cyclic lateral displacements applied at the top of the column. Primary test variables included the level of axial load, the moment-to-shear ratio, and the loading history. Test results indicate that envelop lateral load versus lateral drift relations were quite insensitive to changes in axial load and shear demands less than Vn. The postpeak strength degradation, however, was most sensitive to the loading history.
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