The Role of Recycled Aggregates in Self-Compacting Concrete

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Title: The Role of Recycled Aggregates in Self-Compacting Concrete

Author(s): V. Corinaldesi and G. Moriconi

Publication: Special Publication

Volume: 221

Issue:

Appears on pages(s): 941-958

Keywords: mineral additions; recycled-aggregate concrete; rheological behavior; self-compacting concrete

Date: 5/1/2004

Abstract:
The development of self-compacting concrete is considered as a milestone achievement in concrete technology due to several advantages. In order to be self-compactable the fresh concrete must show high fluidity besides good cohesiveness. For the purpose of evaluating these properties, several concrete mixtures were prepared with a water to cement ratio of 0.45 in the presence of an acrylic based superplasticizer at a dosage ranging from 1% to 2% by weight of very fine material fraction (passing the sieve ASTM n° 100 of 150 µm). Either limestone powder or fly ash or recycled aggregate powder (that is a powder obtained from the rubble recycling process) were used as mineral addition, in order to assure adequate rheological properties, in terms of cohesiveness, in the self-compacting concretes. Preliminary rheological tests were carried out on cement pastes containing these mineral additions. In some cases, recycled instead of natural aggregate was used by subtituting either the coarse or the fine aggregate fraction. The fresh concrete properties were evaluated through the slump flow, the L-box test and segregation resistance. Compressive strength was measured on hardened concretes at 1, 3, 7 and 28 days of wet curing.