In today’s market, it is imperative to be knowledgeable and have an edge over the competition. ACI members have it…they are engaged, informed, and stay up to date by taking advantage of benefits that ACI membership provides them.
Read more about membership
Become an ACI Member
Founded in 1904 and headquartered in Farmington Hills, Michigan, USA, the American Concrete Institute is a leading authority and resource worldwide for the development, dissemination, and adoption of its consensus-based standards, technical resources, educational programs, and proven expertise for individuals and organizations involved in concrete design, construction, and materials, who share a commitment to pursuing the best use of concrete.
American Concrete Institute
38800 Country Club Dr.
Farmington Hills, MI
Feedback via Email
Home > Publications > International Concrete Abstracts Portal
The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.
Title: The Pore Structure and Autogenous Shrinkage of High-Performance Concrete with Ternary Binders
Author(s): Y. Akkaya, M. Konsta-Gdoutos, and S. P. Shah
Publication: Special Publication
Appears on pages(s): 233-248
Keywords: autogenous shrinkage; critical pore radius; early age concrete; pore structure
Abstract:Most modern high performance concretes contain supplementary cementitious materials such as silica fume, slag or fly ash. However, highly reactive silica fume adversely affects the autogenous shrinkage properties and increases the risk of cracking at early ages. In order to compensate for the adverse effects of silica fume, ultrafine fly ash was also incorporated into the binder phase of the concrete. Part of cement and part of silica fume were replaced by ultrafine fly ash and early age properties of the mixtures with these ternary binders were compared. Strength gain was followed by compression testing and, autogenous shrinkage properties were measured under free conditions. It is seen that ternary binders can decrease the autogenous shrinkage strains, while keeping the early strength gain at a comparable level. Results of the thermogravimetric analysis showed that mixtures with ternary binders had a similar hydration rate compared to the mixture with silica fume only. Mercury intrusion porosimetry proved that the amount of finer pore volume, one of the major reasons of autogenous shrinkage, was decreased with the incorporation of ultrafine fly ash.
Click here to become an online Journal subscriber