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Founded in 1904 and headquartered in Farmington Hills, Michigan, USA, the American Concrete Institute is a leading authority and resource worldwide for the development, dissemination, and adoption of its consensus-based standards, technical resources, educational programs, and proven expertise for individuals and organizations involved in concrete design, construction, and materials, who share a commitment to pursuing the best use of concrete.
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Home > Publications > International Concrete Abstracts Portal
The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.
Title: Measurement and Modeling of Concrete Tensile Creep and Shrinkage at Early Age
Author(s): M. D. D'Ambrosia, D. A. Lange, and Z. C. Grasley
Publication: Special Publication
Appears on pages(s): 99-112
Keywords: creep; early age; modeling; restrained drying; shrinkage
Abstract:Volumetric instability of concrete is a primary cause for early age cracking of concrete pavements and structures. Creep and shrinkage of concrete were studied under restrained conditions and under constant applied load during the first week after casting. Early age behavior was characterized by a uniaxial test that measures shrinkage strain and restrained shrinkage stress. The extent of stress relaxation by tensile creep is determined using simple superposition analysis. The experimental measurements are compared with some current creep and shrinkage models to assess their validity for early age prediction. The B3 model has been previously modified to accommodate early age creep, and this modification was employed in the current study. Test results for normal concrete mixes with different w/c are discussed and compared to model predictions. Comparisons show that the B3 model is accurate when the early age modifications are employed.
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