Design Rules for Composite Construction in Retrospect

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Title: Design Rules for Composite Construction in Retrospect

Author(s): I. M. Viest

Publication: Special Publication

Volume: 213

Issue:

Appears on pages(s): 135-150

Keywords: buildings; composite construction; design rules; highway bridges; history

Date: 5/22/2003

Abstract:
Design requirements for composite construction in steel and concrete as practiced in the United States are reviewed. Included are buildings and highway bridges. After a brief account of the origins of composite construction in America, an emphasis is placed on the early rules issued by ACI and AISC for composite columns in buildings, by AASHO - the predecessor of AASHTO-for composite beams in highway bridges and by AISC for composite beams in buildings. All four sections include outlines of subsequent changes that have taken place over the years. The paper is concluded with a discussion of a potential decrease in the strength of a stud shear connector located in the trough of a steel deck.