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Founded in 1904 and headquartered in Farmington Hills, Michigan, USA, the American Concrete Institute is a leading authority and resource worldwide for the development, dissemination, and adoption of its consensus-based standards, technical resources, educational programs, and proven expertise for individuals and organizations involved in concrete design, construction, and materials, who share a commitment to pursuing the best use of concrete.
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Home > Publications > International Concrete Abstracts Portal
The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.
Title: Derivation of strut-and-tie models for the 2002 ACI Code
Author(s): James G. MacGregor
Publication: Special Publication
Appears on pages(s): 7-40
Abstract:This paper documents the decisions made by ACI Committee 3 18 to introduce strut-and-tie models into the 2002 ACI Code. Sections 3 and 4 of this paper review code statements concerning the layout of strut-and-tie models for design. The format and values of the effective compression strength of struts are presented in Sec. 5. The first step was to derive an effective compression strength which gave the same cross-sectional area and strength using Appendix A as required by another code for the same concrete strength and same unfactored loads. The final selection of design values of the effective compression strength considered test results, design values from the literature, values from other codes, and ACI Code design strengths for similar stress situations. A similar derivation of the effective compression strengths of nodal zones is summarized in Sec. 6 of the paper. The description of the geometry of nodal zones in code language proved difficult. The design of ties is described in Sec. 7 of this paper and requirements for nominal reinforcement are in Sec. 8. Nominal reinforcement is provided to add ductility, to improve the possibility of redistribution of internal forces, and to control cracks at service loads.
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