Creep and Drying Shrinkage of High Perfomance Concrete

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Title: Creep and Drying Shrinkage of High Perfomance Concrete

Author(s): C.A.A. Kalintzis and S.C. Kuperman

Publication: Special Publication

Volume: 207

Issue:

Appears on pages(s): 381-396

Keywords: autogenous volume change; creep; drying shrinkage; high-performance concrete

Date: 10/7/2002

Abstract:
High performance concrete is generally specified to meet special requirements such as higher compressive strength, lower permeability, higher resistance to aggressive environments and longer durability. The design of structures must be based on the knowledge of all concrete properties and the determination of creep values of paramount importance in several cases. This paper presents the influence of water-cement ratio and level of hydration for concretes with compressive strengths ranging from 20 MPa to 75 MPa. Creep of four mixtures with water-cement ratios of 0.29, 0.37, 0.52 and 0.75 with 6% of silica fume and a fixed slump was determined. Specimens were loaded at ages 3, 7, 28 and 90 days and maintained with a constant load for 90 days. Concrete testing included creep, compressive strength, modulus of elasticity, autogenous deformation and drying shrinkage. The paper presents creep coefficients, autogenous volume changes, drying shrinkage and their correlation with age and water-cement ratio. Test results showed that high performance concrete presents lesser creep if compared with concretes with lower compressive strength and that differences between specific creep values range from 12% to 43%. High performance concrete presented significantly higher values of autogenous volume changes. Tests confirmed that drying shrinkage is directly related to the water content of the mixture, whereas similar values were obtained from tests performed on several specimens representing different mixtures with various compressive strengths but containing approximately the same amount of water.