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Founded in 1904 and headquartered in Farmington Hills, Michigan, USA, the American Concrete Institute is a leading authority and resource worldwide for the development, dissemination, and adoption of its consensus-based standards, technical resources, educational programs, and proven expertise for individuals and organizations involved in concrete design, construction, and materials, who share a commitment to pursuing the best use of concrete.
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Home > Publications > International Concrete Abstracts Portal
The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.
Title: Applications of Fracture Mechanics to Concrete: Where Do We Go From Here?
Author(s): S. Mindess
Publication: Special Publication
Appears on pages(s): 475-486
Keywords: fracture mechanics, linear elastic fracture mechanics, non-linear fracture mechanics, reinforced concrete
Abstract:Fracture mechanics concepts were first applied to concrete in 1959, and since then several thousand papers have been published on this topic. Professor Shah himself has contributed many papers in this area, dating back to 1971. The first attemps at utilizing fracture mechanics in concrete research dealt with linear elastic fracture mechanics in concrete research dealt with linear elastic fracture mechanics. However, it soon became apparent that this was insufficient to characterize a heterogeneous, non-linear elastic material such as concrete. Thus, a variety of non-linear fracture mechanics models were developed to try to better describe the fracture and failure of concrete. Unfortunately, despite a great deal of researh, both theoretical and experimental, fracture mechanics concepts are still seldom used in the design of concrete structures, particularlay in North America. For instance, they are not even mentioned in the current ACI 318 Building kCode Requirements for Structural Concrete, or in the kCanadian CSA Standard A23.3 Design of Concrete Structures. It is the purpose of this paper to review briefly the current position of fracture mechanics in concrete applications, and then to look to possible future developments.
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