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Founded in 1904 and headquartered in Farmington Hills, Michigan, USA, the American Concrete Institute is a leading authority and resource worldwide for the development, dissemination, and adoption of its consensus-based standards, technical resources, educational programs, and proven expertise for individuals and organizations involved in concrete design, construction, and materials, who share a commitment to pursuing the best use of concrete.
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Home > Publications > International Concrete Abstracts Portal
The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.
Title: New Approach to Inhibiting Alkali-Aggregate Expansion
Author(s): W. J. McCoy and A. G. Caldwell
Publication: Journal Proceedings
Appears on pages(s): 693-706
Keywords: no keywords
Abstract:Investigators have studied for a decade the chemical reactions between high-alkali cement and siliceous mineral constituents of some aggregates towards deterioration of concrete. Papers on this subject indicate a consensus that there are just two possible remedial measures when reactive aggregates are used - low-alkali cement or substitution of a pozzolanic material for 20 to 30 percent of the portland cement. Investigative work foucused off the beaten path of pozzolans and lowering cement alkali content resulted in experimental data which indicate that small amounts of certain materials added to high-alkali cement have an inhibiting effect on expansion reaction. For example it has been found that 1 percent or less of specific salts will reduce expansion more than 75 percent in Pyrex glass mortar bar tests using a small percentage of opal and quartz sand as aggregate. Additional information indicates that small amounts of certain proteins (0.2 percent or less) added to the cement appear to have a greater inhibiting effect on the expansive reaction than is obtained by comparable air entrainment effected by the conventional air-entraining agents. Such inhibitors appear to have no appreciable detremental effect on the properties of the high-alkali cements as determined by ASTM specification tests for cement.
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