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Home > Publications > International Concrete Abstracts Portal
The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.
Title: Damage Due to Freezing of Fresh Concrete
Author(s): C. J. Bernhardt
Publication: Journal Proceedings
Appears on pages(s): 573-580
Keywords: no keywords
Abstract:When fresh concrete is exposed to sufficiently low temperature, the free water in the concrete is cooled below its freezing point and transforms into ice. This is followed by an expansion which under normal circumstances is about 9 percent. Some tests were made at the Concrete Research Laboratory of the Norwegian Institute of Technology to study to what extent the quality of concrete is influenced by such a freezing. The results agree with those reported by McNeese in 1952.
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