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Founded in 1904 and headquartered in Farmington Hills, Michigan, USA, the American Concrete Institute is a leading authority and resource worldwide for the development, dissemination, and adoption of its consensus-based standards, technical resources, educational programs, and proven expertise for individuals and organizations involved in concrete design, construction, and materials, who share a commitment to pursuing the best use of concrete.
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Home > Publications > International Concrete Abstracts Portal
The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.
Title: Some Factors Influencing Shrinkage of Concrete Pavements
Author(s): F. N . Hveem and Bailey Tremper
Publication: Journal Proceedings
Appears on pages(s): 781-789
Keywords: no keywords
Abstract:Portland cement concrete pavements tend to become rougher with time. To a degree the development of roughness is initiated by curling of the ends of the slabs. In California, at least, slabs curl upward more than downward because shrinkage due to drying is more pronounced in the upper part of the slab. When curled upward, the slabs are not supported uniformly by the subgrade and the ends deflect more under load. Under heavy traffic, cracks and faulting develop and the pavement becomes progressively rougher. The integrity and smoothness of the pavement can be prolonged if the character-istic shrinkage of concrete can be reduced. Both portland cement and aggregates affect the amount of shrinkage. Some of the factors contributing to the influence of portland cement are known, although not adequately restricted in standard specifications. The contribution of clay in aggregates to shrinkage has not received the attention it warrants and national specifications do not guard adequately against excessive amounts of clay. The California Division of Highways has developed simple, short field tests that evaluate both the quantity and activity of clay contained in aggregates. These are known as the "sand equivalent" and "sedimentation" tests. Data are presented to show that a high degree of correlation exists between the results of these tests and the drying shrinkage of mortar and concrete. With suitable specification limits, these tests are effective in securing important reductions in drying shrinkage.
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