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Founded in 1904 and headquartered in Farmington Hills, Michigan, USA, the American Concrete Institute is a leading authority and resource worldwide for the development, dissemination, and adoption of its consensus-based standards, technical resources, educational programs, and proven expertise for individuals and organizations involved in concrete design, construction, and materials, who share a commitment to pursuing the best use of concrete.
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Home > Publications > International Concrete Abstracts Portal
The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.
Title: Cracks-Concrete Repair’s life Threatening Wounds
Author(s): A. M. Vaysburd, R. W. Poston, and J. E. McDonald
Publication: Special Publication
Appears on pages(s): 249-260
Keywords: compatibility; cracking; durability; performance criteria;
restrained shrinkage; volume change
Abstract:Cracking in concrete repair systems is one of the truly critical phenomena of repair pathology responsible for corrosion, deterioration and failure. The problem of repair cracking has become widespread not only with respect lo severe environments which are intensifying restrained volume change stresses but also with respect to repairs in relatively benign environments. Cracking accelerates the penetration of aggressive substances into the concrete and repair material from the exterior environment which in turn aggravates any one or a number of various mechanisms of deterioration. Moisture transport mechanism in the repaired structures is a tool for transferring an outer standard environment into an inner environment, and from one inner environment (existing substrate) into another (repair material). The crack resistance of concrete repair is bearing on three equally important elephants: (I) design details and specifications; (2) repair materials; (3) in-situ workmanship and quality control This study demonstrates that the properties of cementitious repair materials have to be engineered for dimensional compatibility with existing concrete to improve their resistance to cracking. How good should the cementitious composite material used for repair of existing concrete structures be? How good is good enough? The paper summarized the factors involved and approaches taken when selecting cementitous repair materials. Performance criteria is presented for the selection of dimensionally compatible repair materials and standard material data sheet protocol. The recommended approach can enable material quality improvement, more accurate service life prediction, and satisfactory performance of repaired concrete structures during their intended service life.
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