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Founded in 1904 and headquartered in Farmington Hills, Michigan, USA, the American Concrete Institute is a leading authority and resource worldwide for the development, dissemination, and adoption of its consensus-based standards, technical resources, educational programs, and proven expertise for individuals and organizations involved in concrete design, construction, and materials, who share a commitment to pursuing the best use of concrete.
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Home > Publications > International Concrete Abstracts Portal
The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.
Title: Design for Crack Control in Reinforced and Prestressed Beams ,Two-Way Slabs and Circular Tanks
Author(s): E. G. Nawy
Publication: Special Publication
Appears on pages(s): 1-42
Keywords: beams; concrete; concrete strength; crack control;
cracking; crack width; environment; equations for reinforced and
prestressed beams; Eurocode; flexural crack width; long-term
cracking; tanks; tolerable crack widths; two-way action structural
Abstract:This paper presents the state-of-the art in the evaluation of the flexural crack width development and crack control of flexural cracks in reinforced and prestressed concrete structures It is based on extensive research over the past five decades in the United States and overseas in the area of macro-cracking in reinforced and prestressed concrete elements. Mitigation and control of cracking has become essential in order to maintain the integrity and aesthetics of concrete structures and their long-term durability performance. The trend is stronger than ever towards better utilization of concrete strength, use of higher strength concretes in the range of 12,000-20,000 psi and higher compressive strength, more prestressed concretes and increased uses of limit failure theories - all these trends require closer control of serviceability requirements of cracking and deflection behavior. The paper discusses and presents common expressions for the mitigation and control of cracking in reinforced concrete beams and thick one-way slabs, prestressed, pretensioned and post-tensioned flanged beams, reinforced concrete two-way action structural floor slabs and plates, and large diameter circular tanks In addition, recommendations are given for the maximum tolerable flexural crack widths in concrete elements based on the cumulative experience of many investigators over the past five decades. The expressions include the ACI 3 18-99 crack control provisions in reinforced concrete beams and one-way slabs, and the Concrete Euro Code 1999 for the design of concrete buildings.
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