Design for Crack Control in Reinforced and Prestressed Beams ,Two-Way Slabs and Circular Tanks

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Title: Design for Crack Control in Reinforced and Prestressed Beams ,Two-Way Slabs and Circular Tanks

Author(s): E. G. Nawy

Publication: Special Publication

Volume: 204

Issue:

Appears on pages(s): 1-42

Keywords: beams; concrete; concrete strength; crack control; cracking; crack width; environment; equations for reinforced and prestressed beams; Eurocode; flexural crack width; long-term cracking; tanks; tolerable crack widths; two-way action structural slabs

Date: 8/1/2001

Abstract:
This paper presents the state-of-the art in the evaluation of the flexural crack width development and crack control of flexural cracks in reinforced and prestressed concrete structures It is based on extensive research over the past five decades in the United States and overseas in the area of macro-cracking in reinforced and prestressed concrete elements. Mitigation and control of cracking has become essential in order to maintain the integrity and aesthetics of concrete structures and their long-term durability performance. The trend is stronger than ever towards better utilization of concrete strength, use of higher strength concretes in the range of 12,000-20,000 psi and higher compressive strength, more prestressed concretes and increased uses of limit failure theories - all these trends require closer control of serviceability requirements of cracking and deflection behavior. The paper discusses and presents common expressions for the mitigation and control of cracking in reinforced concrete beams and thick one-way slabs, prestressed, pretensioned and post-tensioned flanged beams, reinforced concrete two-way action structural floor slabs and plates, and large diameter circular tanks In addition, recommendations are given for the maximum tolerable flexural crack widths in concrete elements based on the cumulative experience of many investigators over the past five decades. The expressions include the ACI 3 18-99 crack control provisions in reinforced concrete beams and one-way slabs, and the Concrete Euro Code 1999 for the design of concrete buildings.