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Founded in 1904 and headquartered in Farmington Hills, Michigan, USA, the American Concrete Institute is a leading authority and resource worldwide for the development, dissemination, and adoption of its consensus-based standards, technical resources, educational programs, and proven expertise for individuals and organizations involved in concrete design, construction, and materials, who share a commitment to pursuing the best use of concrete.
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Home > Publications > International Concrete Abstracts Portal
The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.
Title: The Fracture Surface Roughness of Concrete with Different Aggregate Sizes and loading Rates
Author(s): Y.-S. Roh and Y. Xi
Publication: Special Publication
Appears on pages(s): 35-54
Keywords: aggregate size; fractal; fracture; loading rate;
Abstract:Fracture surface provides valuable information on internal structure and mechanical behavior of composite materials. Loading rate affects the roughness of the fracture surface of composites. A higher loading rate, in general, results in a smoother fracture surface. Similarly, aggregate size influences the roughness of the fracture surface. Larger aggregates cause a rougher fracture surface under the same loading rate. The roughness of the fracture surface of concrete is experimentally studied using concrete specimens made of the different aggregate sizes under different loading rates. Fractal dimension is used to evaluate the surface roughness of concrete specimens. A new fractal fracture model is developed which correlates the fractal dimension with concrete mix design parameters, such as volume fraction and size of aggregate, as well as loading rate. The model prediction agrees with test data very well.
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