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Founded in 1904 and headquartered in Farmington Hills, Michigan, USA, the American Concrete Institute is a leading authority and resource worldwide for the development, dissemination, and adoption of its consensus-based standards, technical resources, educational programs, and proven expertise for individuals and organizations involved in concrete design, construction, and materials, who share a commitment to pursuing the best use of concrete.
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Home > Publications > International Concrete Abstracts Portal
The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.
Title: Using Fracture to Predict Restrained Shrinkage Cracking: The Importance of Specimen Geometry
Author(s): W. J. Weiss, W. Yang, and S. P. Shah
Publication: Special Publication
Appears on pages(s): 17-34
Keywords: cracking; early-age; geometry; restrained shrinkage;
R-curve; shrinkage; testing
Abstract:Early-age cracking can occur in concrete if free shrinkage is prevented by the surrounding structure. This paper highlights recent findings to illustrate that shrinkage cracking is influenced by the geometry of the structure. A series of experimental results are presented from three different ring specimen geometries to illustrate that although these specimens had the same residual strain level (and similar residual stress), the age of cracking varied with specimen geometry. A second series of experiments was performed to illustrate that a geometry dependence also exists in specimens with moisture gradients. This paper describes how fracture mechanics concepts can explain this geometry dependent behavior under a uniform moisture distribution. Residual stress levels are computed, non-linear fracture mechanics failure criterion is applied to develop the time and geometry dependent tensile stress resistance curves, and the age of cracking is predicted. The theoretical simulations were found to compare reasonably with the experimental observations. A discussion is provided to illustrate how these considerations may be extended to the specimens with moisture gradients.
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